The World Environment Day (WED) was established by
the United Nations General Assembly in 1972.
WED is hosted every year by a
different city and commemorated with an international exposition through the
week of June 5.
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), also
created in 1972, uses World Environment Day to stimulate awareness of the environment and enhance
political attention and public action.
Celebrated every year
on 5 June in more than 100 countries, World Environment Day has different
themes, e.g., the theme for 2009 is climate change and the broader consequences
of environmental change, and what societies can do in response.
"Stockholm was without doubt the
landmark event in the growth of international environmentalism," writes
John McCormick in the book Reclaiming Paradise. "It was the first occasion
on which the political, social and economic problems of the global environment
were discussed at an intergovernmental forum with a view to actually taking
Combating climate change and preserving
ecosystems services that underpin our economies is an issue for everyone. Every
individual's efforts, no matter how small, can contribute to the sustainable
development of our economies and communities around the world.
On this day, individuals, non-governmental
organizations, community and youth groups, business, industry and the media
organize activities to renew their commitments to protect and develop the environment.
They organize activities such as clean-up campaigns, tree planting, colourful
street rallies, green concerts, essay and photo competitions in schools, and