In most states, elected offices of municipalities, counties, and other local
entities (such as school boards and other special-purpose districts) have their
elections subject to rules of their state, and in some states, they vary according
to choices of the jurisdiction in question.
In Connecticut, all towns, cities, and boroughs hold elections in every odd-numbered
year, but as of 2004, 16 have them on the first Monday in May, while the other
153 are on Election Day.
In Massachusetts, the 50 cities are required to hold their elections on Election
Day, but the 301 towns may choose any date, and most have traditionally held
their elections in early spring, after the last snowfall.